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Agriculture In India
Agriculture means cultivation of land.It also includes horticulture,livestock,rearing and fishing.India has a favourble climate for growing crops.The soil is fertile with irrigation facilities.
The main food crops grown in India are rice,wheat,maize,millets and pulses.
The main cash crops are sugarcane,jute,oilseeds,cotton,tea,coffee,coconut and spices.
Rice is the most important food crop.It is the staple food for people living in the eastern and southern parts of India.Rice is grown in Assam,West Bengal,Jharkhand,Chattisgarh,Bihar,AP,TN,Kerala,Punjab and Haryana are the major rice producers.
Wheat is the second most important food crop in India.It grows well in a cool and moist climate.The main wheat producing states are Punjab,Haryana,UP,MP and Gujarat.
Millets are jowar,bajra and ragi.They are grown in Rajasthan,Bihar,Gujarat,Karnataka and AP.
India is world's largest producer and consumer of pulses.
India is the world's largest producer of sugarcane.UP is the leading producer of the crop followed by Maharashtra,MP,Bihar,TN and Punjab.
Jute is used to make bags and carpets.It grows well in hot and wet climate.The main jute producing states are West Bengal,Assam,Bihar and Orissa.
Oilseeds include mustard,groundnut,linseed,seasame and sunflower.
Cotton is grown in Punjab,Gujarat,MP,Maharashtra,AP and TN.
Tea grows in Assam,Parts of West Bengal and Nilgiri hills in South India.
Coffee is grown in Karnataka,Kerala and Tamil Nadu.
Spices include pepper,chillies,ginger and cardamom.They are grown in Kerala and Karnataka.