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  • Malaysia's leader said on Saturday communications aboard a missing jet were switched off and its course deliberately changed by someone on board before the aircraft disappeared a week ago, but stopped short of saying it had been hijacked.

  • Ukraine braced on Saturday for a breakaway vote in Crimea as deadly violence flared again in the ex-Soviet country's tinderbox east amid the biggest east-west showdown since the Cold War.

  • Finally, the TRS chief K Chandrashekhara Rao has broken his silence over possibility of an alliance with the Congress in Telangana. After saying a firm 'no' to merger with the Congress, KCR has now ruled out any alliance with the Congress in both Assembly and Lok Sabha elections to be held on April 30.

  • The Bharatiya Janata Party's much anticipated list of Lok Sabha candidates is expected shortly which will end the the suspense over who will contest from Varanasi - its prime ministerial candidate Narendra Modi or party veteran Murli Manohar Joshi.

  • The Delhi High Court has confirmed death penalty to all four convicts of the December 16 Delhi gangrape and murder case. The four were convicted in September 2013 for raping and murdering a 23-year-old paramedical student.

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    Home >> Social Studies >> Agriculture


    Agriculture: The science and art of cultivation of the soil, raising crops and rearing livestock.

    Agricultural resources: Gifts of nature that include fertile soils, water for irrigation and favorable climatic conditions for the growth of plants.

    Types of farming: Primitive Subsistence farming, Intensive subsistence farming, commercial farming

    Primitive farming: It is done in a small patch of land with the help of tools like hoe, digging sticks etc.It is practiced with the help of family/community labour.

    Intensive subsistence farming: It is labor intensive farming where high doses of biochemical inputs and irrigation are used for obtaining higher production.

    Commercial farming: The main characteristic of this type of farming is the use of higher doses of modern technology.

    Major crops of India: Rice,wheat,millets,maizes,pulses etc

    Non food crops: Rubber,fibre crops,cotton and jute are non food crops.

    Horticulture crops: Fruits and vegetables

    Kharif: Crops sown soon after the onset of the south-west monsoon in India and harvested in autumn.

    Rabi crops: Crops sown in India in winter and harvested in early summer.

    Mixed farming: A type of farming in which cultivation of crops and raising of livestock hand in hand.

    Plantation agriculture: A large scale one crop farming resembling factory production is usually characterized by large estate, huge capital investment and modern scientific technique of cultivation and trade. This type of agriculture is associated with the production of tea,coffee,rubber,sugarcane,coca ,banana,oilpalm etc.

    Rotation of crops: A systematic succession of different crops on  given piece of land carried out in order to avoid exhaustion of soil.

    Shifting agriculture: A method of farming in which a patch of ground is cultivated for a period of few years until the soil is partly exhausted or overrun by weeds and after which the land is left to natural vegetation which cultivation is  carried elsewhere.

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