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  • Malaysia's leader said on Saturday communications aboard a missing jet were switched off and its course deliberately changed by someone on board before the aircraft disappeared a week ago, but stopped short of saying it had been hijacked.

  • Ukraine braced on Saturday for a breakaway vote in Crimea as deadly violence flared again in the ex-Soviet country's tinderbox east amid the biggest east-west showdown since the Cold War.

  • Finally, the TRS chief K Chandrashekhara Rao has broken his silence over possibility of an alliance with the Congress in Telangana. After saying a firm 'no' to merger with the Congress, KCR has now ruled out any alliance with the Congress in both Assembly and Lok Sabha elections to be held on April 30.

  • The Bharatiya Janata Party's much anticipated list of Lok Sabha candidates is expected shortly which will end the the suspense over who will contest from Varanasi - its prime ministerial candidate Narendra Modi or party veteran Murli Manohar Joshi.

  • The Delhi High Court has confirmed death penalty to all four convicts of the December 16 Delhi gangrape and murder case. The four were convicted in September 2013 for raping and murdering a 23-year-old paramedical student.

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    Home >> Social Studies >> Maps

    Maps

    A map is the representation or a drawing of the earth’s  surface or a part of it drawn on a flat surface according to a scale.When many maps are put together we get an atlas. Scale is a ratio between the actual distance on the ground and the distance shown on the maps.When large areas like continents or countries are to be shown on a paper then we use a small scale.It is called a small scale map.When a small area like village or town is to be shown on paper then we use a large scale.It is called a large scale map.Most maps contain an arrow marked with the letter N at the upper right hand corner.This arrow shows  the north direction.It is called the north line.There are four major directions,north,south,east and west.They are called Cardinal points.

     There are different types of maps.

    Physical map-Maps showing natural features of the earth such as mountains,plateaus,plains ,rivers ,oceans etc are called physical or relief maps.

     Political map-Maps showing cities,towns and villages and different countries and states of the world with their boundaries are called political maps.

     Thematic maps-These maps focus on specific information such as road maps,rainfall maps,maps showing distribution of forests,industries etc.

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